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An 18th century enamel portrait of Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton (1726-1796), Equerry to the Queen, after Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1784


Artist: Henry Bone

Signed and dated Aug 1797 on the reverse
Lord Eglington is recorded as having sat to Reynolds on 24 and 27 March and 6 April 1784, the sitting is likely to have been for a full-length portrait of the sitter in Highland Dress. There is a preliminary sketch, by Reynolds, in the Royal Collection, which is thought to be either a preliminary study for the full-length portrait of Lord Eglington, or a fragment of the full-length which was never completed.

Henry Bone, made a drawing of Reynolds's sketch in 1784 (now in the Royal Collection), which was commissioned by Lord Eglington himself. Another drawing (more elaborate version upon which this enamel is based) is dated 1797 & 1798. In 1796 Eglington died, the probable occasion for commissioning Bone's enamels copies made the following year. There is a head only enamel by Bone, 1797 (now in the Royal Collection).

Montgomerie was a Scottish General, MP and was also the Clan Chief of the Clan Montgomery. Montgomerie fought in the Seven Years' War, where he served with George Washington. He also was the patron for the poet, Robert Burns. He was Equerry to the Queen, 1761-9; Deputy Ranger of Hyde Park and St. James's Par, 1766-8.

Montgomerie and his regiment fought with George Washington, and Henry Bouquet at the expedition against Fort Duquesne, in 1758. In 1760, he commanded an expedition against the Cherokee during the Anglo-Cherokee War. Montgomerie's expedition, which included 1,200 men, was successful in its mission. He had several Cherokee villages destroyed, including Estatoe. He defeated the Cherokees, in 1760, at the Battle of Etchocy, and again defeated the Cherokees, in 1761, at the Battle of War-Woman's Creek.

Between 1767 and 1795, Montgomerie was the colonel of the 51st Regiment of Foot. During his service with the 51st, he fought in the French Revolutionary Wars. Montgomerie became a Major General, in 1772. He was Deputy Vice-Admiral of Irvine in 1777, within the Port of Irvine from Kelly Bridge to the Troon Point He subsequently became a Lieutenant General, in 1777. In 1793, he was commissioned a Full General. From 1795 until 1796, Montgomerie was the Colonel of the Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons).
More Information
Year                 August 1797.
Medium                 enamel on copper.
Signed                 Signed on the reverse
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