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Wedding portrait miniature of Queen Alexandra (1844-1925) based on a photograph of her wedding attire in 1863


Depicted wearing her wedding tiara and diamond and pearl choker

signed on obverse with monogram HED, gold frame with pierced ribbon cresting adorned with her insignia of white enamelled crossed ribbons and red enamelled crown, the reverse engraved Alexandra/ Caroline Marie/ Charlotte Louise Julie,/ eldest daughter of/ King Christian IX of Denmark/ and Queen Louise his wife,/ Born at Copenhagen, December 1st 1844/ Married at Windsor, March 10th 1863/ H.R.H. the Prince of Wales/ afterwards/ King Edward VII of England/ (who died May 6th 1910)/ Her Majesty/ died at Sandringham/ 20th Novr 1925.

Alexandra of Denmark or 'Alix' as she was known within the family, was born at the Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen. Her sister Dagmar, married Czar Alexander III of Russia and she married Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, known as 'Bertie'. Alix's style was very different from that of the senior British royals. She was devoted to her children and her servants and enjoyed activities such as dancing and ice skating. She was self-conscious about a scar on her neck (allegedly the result of a childhood accident) and tried to hide it by wearing high choker necklaces and dresses, as in the present lot. Bertie and Alix lived at Sandringham, and their marriage was in many ways a happy one. However, Bertie did not give his wife or children as much attention as she would have liked. He also continued to keep mistresses, one of the most notorious being the actress Lillie Langtry. Alix took the death of their son in 1892 very hard and insisted on keeping his room and possessions exactly as he had left them. As Queen (1901-10), and Queen Mother thereafter, Alix was greatly loved by the British people. She was associated with many charities, the most notable being Alexandra Rose Day. During the Boer War, she founded the Queen Alexandra's Nursing Corps.

The miniature is painted by Dudley Heath whose father Henry Charles Heath, (1829-1898), was by 1862 established as a miniature painter with commissions from Queen Victoria, and in August 1862 he married and set up a business as a portrait painter and photographer at 153 Regent Street, London. Ernest Dudley was the fourth child to be born over the shop on 18 July 1867. This miniature is likely to have been commissioned as a wedding anniversary gift

As well as being an accomplished miniature painter, his reputation as an Art Historian was consolidated by the publication in 1905 by Methuen of his book 'MINIATURES' by Dudley Heath. This covers the period from the fifteenth century to the dawn of the twentieth century.
More Information
Year                 Early 20th Century.
Medium                 watercolour on ivory,
Signed                 signed on obverse with monogram HED
Condition                 Good
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